Media Audits & Agency Reviews

What is Media Auditing?

The definition of media auditing is the process of determining that the media purchased by the brand or client via their vendors, partners or agencies, appears in the correct places and at a fair market price.

Typically the advertiser (client) will sign-off on the media plan prior to the campaign commencing. This media plan will include the media/mediums/channels which will be bought and perhaps more detail around the specific time scheduling of those ‘slots’ aka ‘media space’.

Asking a company to grade an agency’s media buying performance by analyzing pricing against quality isn’t what one would deem traditional ‘auditing’. This work is closer to an ‘agency review’ or ‘rice bench-marking’ which brings us to look at the three definitions of auditing.

Three Types of Media Auditing

1 – Benchmark Auditing

This type of audit involves a bench-marking process whereby the cost of the media to the advertiser is compared with various benchmarks. In doing so, a general picture quickly appears as to whether the client has received a financially adequate service in return for their expenditure. There are large numbers of ‘auditors’ who operate in this market, perhaps in part due to the fact that operators do not require formal qualifications.

Many of the conclusions can be subjective and the benchmark data inaccurate, unavailable or conjured from thin air. This doesn’t mean all of these auditors are inaccurate or ineffective. Better quality auditors may conduct some live tests and/or mystery shopping research in order to lend higher integrity to their conclusions. This is the most simple and quick of the three audit types to complete. For this reason it’s popular for small and medium businesses. This general audit perspective is often combined with the contract compliance audit (see below) which relates specifically to the scope of the contract.

2 – Contract Compliance Audit

This type of media audit is much closer to what most would agree to be a professional audit. A contractual compliance audit concerns auditing a contractual agreement. In this specific context it involves assisting the advertiser in their query as to whether their agencies are delivering on their obligations. It aims to uncover both instances where they are ‘delivering’ as well as the areas where they are not.

This type of media audit is essentially an evidence-based review of the agreement between two parties (in this case a client and their agency) to understand the degree to which the agency has complied with the terms of the contract. For this reason, a lot of the findings will hinge on the original agreement.

The process typically involves the client hiring an auditor who meets with the financial director, senior account managers and perhaps other operational staff within the agency. The auditor will introduce their role and team, but most critically… explain the scope of the audit process that has been defined by their client (the advertiser). At this point the agency will quickly reveal to the auditor how they are feeling about the situation which can be an early sign of guilt.

Auditing digital media can be complex, because it is estimated upfront, before needing to be reconciled at a later date. The invoice values are lower and so there’s a lot more data. Due to this complexity, there can be more room for error.

Similarly, with traditional media, the commissions on each booking can create layers of audit complexity. Most modern agencies will use electronic booking systems which makes this easier, but there is always some cases of human error inputting some of this data. This data is  extracted and analyzed. Samples of selections are investigated in higher detail and the auditor will then ask for additional documenting invoices to verify those charges and make sure they are justified.

A lot of the results from this audit type is determinant on the original contract which is why it should be the first thing your auditor investigates in detail. For this reason, you auditor needs to have both a grounding in legal contracts and be a subject matter expert. Client are always encouraged to talk to the agency and ask probing questions prior to even considering hiring an auditor.

3 – Financial or statutory auditing

This is the type of auditor that you would associate with financial accountants. Conducted typically at financial year end, this audit process involves investigating the financial statements of a company which will be submitted to shareholders in the effort to ensure people have a true fair view of what’s going on within the company.

Why You Should Conduct A Media Audit

Regular media auditing is only one element of best practice media governance.

An audit will reveal whether the creative content which has been produced appears at the predetermined times and in the specific areas which were outlined in the media plan. Often third-party verification tools can be used aka media monitoring to help provide some data in this regard, but the information from these tools can be limited and not include financial cost data. The name for this is Media Monitoring and is popular within the Public Relations agency space or order to track brand mentions and then estimate the value of those brand mentions using equivalent advertising cost data estimations.

What many outside the communications agency ecosystem don’t realize is that there is a complex web of commission and fees between suppliers within the media supply network that can hide the true value of the supplied media. This can distort the price of the media, above and beyond what would be considered to be a fair ‘market rate’. Contrary to popular perception, media agencies can end up offering more expensive rates than a direct purchase from the publisher/broadcaster itself.

A media audit will help reveal answers to these questions so the brand advertiser can ensure the marketing expenditure is being spent in an optimal way. CFO’s in particular often require this insight for their due diligence. Independent media auditors are preferred for best practice corporate governance.

Media audits are important for all companies

Depending on the size and industry nature of the company, expenditure on media is typically the largest line-item in any marketing budget. Creative production costs and other labour costs can be high, but generally far less (around 1/5 of the cost of the media). For organizations operating within highly competitive industries such as FMCG, generic consumer services (retail banking) etc. media can be the single largest purchase each year – far outstripping other raw material or operational production costs.

Corporate governance stipulations for larger firms warrant frequent investigations into these large expenditure line-items in order to ensure company funds are being put to the best use. Media audits by independent firms is good business practice and will help reduce financial risk. Investors will often require investigation into any large proposed expenditure items before committing approval for the allocation of funds. This discretion is pronounced during times of financial hardship and perceived risk is high.

These companies use media auditors

Most large advertisers will routinely use media auditors on a regular basis. Often the CMO will be responsible for answering the typical question from the CFO/CEO, “What was the return on our marketing spend”. In some cases, answering this question can be complex, especially when there is many providers involved in the campaign execution process.

A conflict of interest arises when the media buying entities are also asked to answer this question or perform a media audit. Often a vendor which is also part of the same group of media companies is contracted to perform this task unbeknownst to the brand advertiser. When purchasing direct from the media supplier such as Facebook for example, you are also reliant on data that the platform supplies. Independent verification may be required.

We have personally heard of instances where very large advertisers have very large conflicts of interests in their marketing services supply chain with little to no oversight in the expenditure process once the account has been ‘won’.

Getting the most out of a Media Audit

An audit can go one of two ways. The findings are used to provide additional insight into performance or it’s used for ‘agency bashing’ where the agency becomes a scapegoat for performance issues.

There is still much debate in the media industry around which metrics are the best to measure and how to verify figures. With some media channels, there will be less ability to provide accurate figures and conclusions when compared to others. However, there have been many recent studies with the advent of technological solutions which can provide accurate sample data which can be used for projections.

At the start of the audit process we recommend the client to work closely with one of our staff in order to set the scope of the investigation. From that point on, this scope will restrict the level of detail and areas which the auditor will investigate.

There needs to be some discussion around how the auditor’s methodologies work, and what improvements his/her analyses can enable.

We find good outcomes when our reports are provided via feedback to existing agency vendors so they can have a chance to improve before ending the relationship if necessary. Providing further incentives for performance can be effective. Once contracted however, the auditor is on your side exclusively.

Costs and Benefits of Media Auditing

The cost of the media audit will depend directly on the scope set at the first meeting and thus costs will vary significantly. Expect large audits to run into the hundreds of thousands of dollars and smaller audits to be in the tens of thousands of dollars. The cost will depend upon the number of media channels under investigation, the number of participants in the supply chain, the availability of information, contractual agreements and frequency.

Large audits will require more expensive tools and purchasing of data together with more analysis labour overheads.

The benefits from audits can be significant. We find that the Pareto Principle applies to most marketing campaigns where the vast majority of expenditure produces negligible returns. Similarly, larger, more complex campaigns will provide more opportunity for fees to be hidden and inefficiencies to be present. The typical return on the price of the audit can be five-fold.

Should You Audit Your Media Agency?

We understand there is a lot of concern around over media transparency and many advertisers are looking for compliance audits to check whether the agency is fulfilling it’s service obligations. We believe this should e a regular occurrence using a mix of the price bench-marking audit and contractual compliance audit.

Depending on your country of origin, our audit team can be difficult to reserve. Contact us to see whether one of our audits can solve any current problems and help fill in any gaps in the reporting process.

Our Recommendation for Media Audits

We recommend a mix between a benchmark audit and contractual compliance audit depending on the size and depth of the scope of investigation required by the client.

1 – Read the media agency contract

The contract should outline many rights you have when conducting an audit. Look for the following:

  • Which specific party are you contracted with? Is it the trading entity who you interact with or a holding company?
  • Is there a dispute resolution clause or mentions of rights and process related to compliance auditing?
  • Is there a specific restriction as to which auditor you can use? We’ve noticed some contracts will attempt to limit the auditors to specific entities rather than which ever auditor may be most suitable.
  • Is there a notice period that must be given in advance of your audit commencing?

2 – Speak with your media agency

  • Most larger agencies will be familiar with audits and their other clients will submit other similar compliance requests
  • Your agency may give some information as to how they perceive different auditing firms
  • It is best to break the ice early on in order to set expectations of further investigation. This may help to limit any future animosity
  • Keep in mind, auditing aims to improve the working relationship and in our experience, often leads to more productive outcomes. Align key stakeholders early in the process to avoid the potential for hostile or aggressive behaviour.

Step 3: Chose an appropriate auditor

  • The scope of work will help determine if it’s appropriate to contract a large auditor or mid-small tier firms. We would recommend partnering with an independent firm for the best results. KMPG, EY, PWC, Deloitte, Accenture, Bain, McKinsey are the larger players. Given most of these firms have now invested in media and ad tech business divisions, their previous ‘independent’ nature could be now questionable.
  • Some advertisers would prefer expert advisory from an industry specialist. Often the complexity of the media area requires technical expertise and a level of depth of understanding that may not be present with the larger consulting/audit firms.
  • It might be that a collaborative mixture of firms may be needed for the best results. The financial audit acumen of an established auditor, mixed with the technical expertise from a boutique industry specialist and a legal contract expert.

You should also be aware of

We believe it’s important to look at the audit process from a holistic perspective. Is the audit necessary for internal compliance reasons or is it precipitating an existing undesirable situation with the current media suppliers? Typically the clients that reach out to us are mostly in the second camp, where there is suspicion that the current media suppliers are not performing as expected.

The bigger question is whether this situation exists because of the direction they have been given and the contract that has been signed, or because of malpractice. It can be a result of optimizing the wrong performance metrics that do not contribute toward organizational goals. Ultimately, we realize you want to make sure your external agencies are working optimally to deliver your marketing and business objectives while operating in a transparent manner.

Brands that don’t have an audit system in place for media agencies should seriously consider their rights to do so. Many are not even aware this may be detailed in their contract. Either way, first define what everyone means by ‘media auditing’ and look for expert advice to ensure you’re making the correct decisions for your company’s requirements.

Further Reading

The association of National Advertisers (ANA) has published a handy Media Transparency Guidelines document which should be essential reading and guide discussions prior to any contractual agreements being signed.

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